When the general is weak and without authority; when his orders are not clear and distinct;
Wei Liao Tzu (ch. 4) says: "If the commander gives his orders with decision, the soldiers will not wait to hear them twice; if his moves are made without vacillation, the soldiers will not be in two minds about doing their duty." General Baden-Powell says, italicizing the words: "The secret of getting successful work out of your trained men lies in one nutshell—in the clearness of the instructions they receive."[3="Aids to Scouting," p. xii.] Cf. also Wu Tzu ch. 3: "the most fatal defect in a military leader is difference; the worst calamities that befall an army arise from hesitation."
when there are no fixes duties assigned to officers and men,
Tu Mu says: "Neither officers nor men have any regular routine."
and the ranks are formed in a slovenly haphazard manner, the result is utter DISORGANIZATION.